Three problems of the hottest plastic tray industr

2022-08-15
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Three major problems in China's plastic pallet industry

core tip: with the development of modern packaging logistics, the main way of strong bulk and manual loading and unloading transportation packaging can no longer meet the needs of global economic development, and it is replaced by the constraints of mechanical demolition methods such as pallets, containers and modern logistics. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the current situation and development trend of plastic pallet packaging in China, improve logistics efficiency and reduce logistics and packaging costs

1. Pallet packaging

products flow from the procurement supply chain, through production, distribution, sales and end-users. Pallet packaging is one of the packaging collection, and it is also an excellent method of modern logistics

the packages or products packed in plastic pallets are stacked on pallets in some way. Through packaging, packaging and other methods, they are fixed and form a transportation unit to promote the management of mechanized loading, unloading, storage and packaging. The advantages of pallet packaging mainly include: good overall performance, high stacking stability, avoiding the problem of scattered piles, throwing boxes, mechanized loading and unloading within (60 ± 30) s from loading, appropriately improving the efficiency by 3 to 8 times, and greatly reducing the package flow during collision, autumn, dumping garbage, and rough treatment, improving transportation safety [1]. Relevant information shows that the use of pallet packaging to replace the original packaging will greatly reduce the circulation cost, which will reduce 45%, household appliances, paper and 60%, 55% for low groceries, flat glass, bricks and related products by 15%

there are generally five ways of pallet stacking, namely, a simple overlapping, staggered, vertical and horizontal type and rotating stacking [2]. Among them, a simple overlapping, staggered, longitudinal and transverse stacking reduces the strength of corrugated boxes by 15%, 45% and 55%. However, the stability and space of such a stack can be improved by using a variety of different fixing methods. The packaging method with pallet, as well as the main fixed and sealed packaging, stretch packaging and heat shrinkable packaging, can also be used together. The quality of pallet packaging directly affects the packaging of safe transportation. Reasonable packaging can improve product quality and safety, speed up commodity circulation and reduce transportation packaging. The tray packaging design method is: 1. The method of coming out from the inside is based on the product specification and packaging carton 2 design, From outside to inside "The method is to optimize the design of pallet size based on standards, and optimize the external and internal packaging.

in pallet packaging design, we should follow the internationally recognized national standard of 600 mm, 400 mm and 800 mm hard straight cube packaging units, and prefer gb/t mm and 1000mm1200 size series pallets.

2. The current situation of pallet packaging

on the pallet, there is a country that is a whole, and one of the symbols of its logistics is modern water Flat measures. At present, foreign pallets account for about 60% of the total containers used worldwide, and more than 70% of countries and regions have begun to standardize and diversify container transportation for pallets, the development of container transportation. At present, the total number of pallets we have is relatively conservative, not less than 7billion bushels. Relevant statistics show that the number of pallets in China has increased by no less than 200000, of which about 90% are wood pallets, accounting for about 8%, steel pallets, plastic wood pallets and other materials, and about 2% are plastic pallets. Plastic as a result of its advantages in plastic pallets and wooden pallets, the proportion of new materials used in wooden pallets is on the rise. However, China lags far behind the total number of pallets in the United States (about 150000 to 200000/year), Japan (700 to 800 million/year), Europe (8 pallets per capita) and other developed countries

with the frequent use of pallets in many countries and between imports and exports, pallet trade is not only in business, turnover, but also between turnover, regional and regional turnover. However, due to the convenient use of regional, national and their own pallets, enterprises have developed their own size plates. In Japan in the 20th century, for 60 years, the company in its product packaging shape has produced pallets in nearly 1000 kinds of pallets [caused by 6 specifications]. Pallet packaging business and products, containers, shelves, transportation vehicles, cargo handling facilities in Taiwan, and there is a direct relationship between the size of its specifications, considering the size of other logistics tools. The size of pallets is not uniform. If the pallets cannot meet the required consistent pallet transportation logistics due to the use restrictions, it is impossible to realize the real "door-to-door" transportation, which greatly reduces the logistics and transportation efficiency

in order to load and unload railway trucks, heavy trucks, containers, etc., transportation facilities and equipment must meet the scale and pallet, facilitate continuous pallet packaging operations, reduce logistics costs, and improve transportation business. Six standard pallets are provided according to the efficiency standard. According to the application notes tab 1thepalletstandardprescribedbyiso size plate area mm 1200 mm European rectangle 800 mm rectangle 1140 mm 1140 mm European ISO standard, Australia square 1016 mm 1219 mm American rectangle Asia, Australia square 1067 mm square

China's national standard gb/t gives four tray specifications, namely: mm, 1200 mm, 800 mm, 1140 mm, 1219 mm, 1016 mm, provide the requirements of pallet packaging, sampling, experimental methods, technical conditions, parallel transport pallet external dimension series (gb2934), etc. Modulus 600 mm 400 mm, national standard gb/t 800 mm 1200 mm and 1000 mm 1200 size series tray preference. Pallet packaging pallet has a country's overall situation, which is one of the symbols of its logistics modernization. At present, foreign pallets account for about 60% of the total containers used worldwide, and more than 70% of countries and regions have begun to standardize and diversify container transportation for pallets, the development of container transportation. At present, the total number of pallets we have is relatively conservative, not less than 7billion bushels. Relevant statistics show that the number of pallets in China has increased by no less than 200000, of which about 90% are wood pallets, accounting for about 8%, steel pallets, plastic wood pallets and other materials, and about 2% are plastic pallets. Plastic as a result of its advantages in plastic pallets and wooden pallets, the proportion of new materials used in wooden pallets is on the rise. However, China lags far behind the total number of pallets in the United States (about 150000 to 200000/year), Japan (700 to 800 million/year), Europe (8 pallets per capita) and other developed countries

with the country's extensive use of pallets and frequent import and export trade, pallets are not only in business to business turnover, but also between turnover, regional and regional turnover. However, due to the convenient use of regional, national and their own pallets, enterprises have developed their own size plates. In Japan in the 20th century, for 60 years, the company in its product packaging shape has produced pallets in nearly 1000 kinds of pallets [caused by 6 specifications]. Pallet packaging business and products, containers, shelves, transportation vehicles, cargo handling facilities in Taiwan, and there is a direct relationship between the size of its specifications, considering the size of other logistics tools. The size of pallets is not uniform. Due to the use restrictions of pallets, it is impossible to meet the requirements of logistics pallet transportation, and it is impossible to realize the real "door-to-door" transportation, which greatly reduces the efficiency of logistics and transportation. In order to make railway trucks, heavy trucks, containers and other loading and unloading, transportation facilities and equipment must meet the scale and pallet, facilitate continuous pallet packaging operations, reduce logistics costs, improve transportation business, and explore the qdlp model of venture capital market to provide six standard pallets

standard jurisdiction remarks standard size carton

mm 1200 mm European rectangle 800 mm rectangle 114 mm 114 mm Europe, Australia square 106 mm 1219 mm American rectangle Asia, Australia square 1067 mm 1067 mm square

China's national standard gb/t gives four tray specifications, namely: mm, 1200 mm 800 mm, 1140 mm, 1140 mm, 1219 mm 1016 mm, which provides the requirements of pallet packaging, sampling, experimental methods, technical conditions, parallel transport pallet external dimension series (gb2934), etc

according to the investigation of the logistics and procurement professional committee ● managers and scientific and technological workers in the aluminum industry should pay attention to the connotation and development of micromillr technology. Check the pallet Chinese Federation. At present, our pallet circulation is more standardized, mainly including 2000 mm, 1000 mm, 1500 mm, 1100, and dozens of specifications. Among them, there are more than two specifications compared with millimeter. Plastic pallets are about 50% of these two specifications. At present, countries are increasing the use of standard pallets. Asian countries with high use rate of standard pallets in Japan (35%), South Korea (26.7%), other countries, such as Australia, 95%, the United States (55%), and Europe (70% [7]). My tray is not enough to promote standardization

I am using pallets within the enterprise, which is basically for production enterprises. The use of pallets is limited to the transportation link between enterprise level data warehouse and transportation. For logistics enterprises, pallets are only limited to internal deployment. China has not yet formed a smooth tray mechanism. According to statistics, foreign trade goods in developed countries have used more than 50% of containers for transportation, and a joint venture pallet, utility and exchange system has also been established between countries, realizing the overall consistency of container transportation and operation

in the modern logistics system, the pallet packaging unit should be taken as a whole, from the production of products, efficient and direct to the end user. If you repeatedly replace the pallet in the middle, it will be a waste of manpower, and the resulting packaged products may have been damaged. Thus reducing logistics work, efficiency and logistics costs. China now has 90% of wooden pallets, forming a wide range of wooden pallets with great pressure on natural resources. For pallet manufacturers, and the production of pallets of other materials, special molds need to be designed, and the cost is often very high, which is difficult to promote

China's roads, railways, civil aviation and ports have their own management, organization, service standards, technology and equipment standards. There is a huge gap between various departments in the introduction of multimodal logistics into modern logistics, which has made great difficulties. At the same time, the pallet industry is scattered and small-scale, which is difficult to adapt to the rapid development of modern logistics needs. Make pallets for their own needs and user-defined pallets. The specifications of user pallets are different. The secondary circulation in the packaging also needs to replace the pallets of the products. The pallets lead to the production efficiency. The pallets cannot be played

3. Pallet packaging trend

3.1 pallet specification standardization

pallet packaging standardization is not only to standardize pallet size, but also includes various performance parameters and test standards

pallet standardization is a necessary condition to improve efficiency and logistics operation effectiveness. The size and specifications of pallet shelves, transportation vehicles and containers all limit the scale of the coordination relationship between their specifications, and pallet packaging with a reasonable transportation system. There is no direct correspondence between the size of the relationship between shelves and transport vehicles, but it has corresponding requirements with pallets. Therefore, pallet is the first to be considered for the standardization of logistics facilities

3.2 standardization and mechanization of logistics facilities

pallets are just a platform and a collection package

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