Hottest March 19 steel industry daily

2022-08-02
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March 19 iron and steel industry

I. today's focus

1 EU imposes anti-dumping duties on coke and small air compressors imported from China

the European Commission decided on March 17 to impose anti-dumping duties on block coke and small air compressors imported from China with a diameter of more than 80mm

according to this decision, if the net CIF price of China's massive coke with a diameter of more than 80mm exported to the EU is less than 197 euros per ton, it will be subject to anti-dumping duties; If it is higher than 197 euros per ton, no anti-dumping duty will be levied. The period for levying anti-dumping duties is five years

in the EU, such coke products are mainly used in the manufacturing of insulation and thermal insulation materials and casting industries. According to the estimation of the European Commission, the production costs of EU related enterprises will increase by 1% due to this trade protection measure

on the same day, the European Commission also decided to impose anti-dumping duties of up to 77.6% on small air compressors imported from China for a period of two years. The issue of China's small air compressor to Europe once caused great differences within the EU. In February2008, Peter Mandelson, EU trade commissioner, strongly advocated the development of paperless packaging materials for small air compressors made in China: packaging paper honeycomb paper, paper bag paper, desiccant packaging paper, honeycomb paperboard, kraft paper industrial paperboard, honeycomb paper core; Anti dumping measures were taken, but they were opposed by trade protectionist forces within the EU

in response to the China EU trade friction incident, a spokesman for the Ministry of Commerce of China previously said that China hoped that the EU would refrain from using anti-dumping measures. As for the problems arising from China EU trade, China has always advocated solving them through consultation and cooperation

2. Xuejilian, a deputy to the National People's Congress, believes that although the tight supply of power coal caused by the snow disaster is mainly due to abnormal climate change, it also highlights the deep-seated problems faced by the development of China's coal industry and coal transportation system

the low temperature, freezing, rain and snow disaster two months ago caused frequent coal power emergencies in most parts of southern China

on the evening of March 11, xuejilian, deputy to the National People's Congress and vice president of China Shenhua Energy Co., Ltd., told the media that only during the 7-day Spring Festival holiday, the Shuohuang Railway completed a traffic volume of 2.81 million tons, 1.47 million tons more than the same period in 2007, making a positive contribution to easing the demand for power coal. This catastrophic natural disaster is indeed a small probability event, but how to establish an emergency support mechanism needs to be seriously considered from the perspective of strategic security

after the battle to rush to transport power coal, xuejilian has been thinking about how to optimize the development environment of large state-owned coal enterprises with high functions and ensure the security of national coal energy supply. In his proposal to the National People's Congress, he wrote: Although the shortage of power coal supply caused by the snow disaster is mainly due to abnormal climate change, it also highlights the deep-seated problems faced by the development of China's coal industry and coal transportation system. It is suggested that the state should take practical and effective measures to optimize the development environment of large state-owned coal enterprises, make rational distribution and diversified investment, and speed up the construction of coal dedicated railway. It is suggested to establish an emergency guarantee mechanism for coal production, railway transportation, power generation and other links as soon as possible to quickly and effectively respond to sudden disasters and ensure energy supply to the greatest extent

it may be a professional habit. Xuejilian likes to think about the deep development of the coal industry from the perspective of the industrial chain. At present, he is also the chairman and general manager of Shuohuang Railway Company, the second largest channel of China's coal transportation from west to East. The snow disaster occurred during the Spring Festival, and most small coal mines were shut down on holiday, which objectively exacerbated the tense situation of power coal supply. At the critical moment, large state-owned coal enterprises such as Shenhua, Tongmei and China Coal Group took the lead to increase production and transportation organization, and finally effectively alleviate the problem of power coal supply

representative xuejilian has his own understanding of China's coal industry: in fact, it is more valuable to reflect on lessons than to sum up experience. It can be seen from the snow disaster that the concentration of China's coal industry is low. On the one hand, it has caused problems such as large waste of resources, intensified environmental damage and poor security; On the other hand, the existence of a large number of small coal mines makes the national energy security face many unstable factors. Therefore, the state should speed up the integration of small coal mines, constantly optimize the allocation of resources, establish a number of safe and efficient large coal bases, and implement state ownership. In this way, in the face of sudden disasters, the state can calmly dispatch and command

it is understood that in 2007, the national coal output was 2.523 billion tons, including 6770 Coal Enterprises above Designated Size and 34 enterprises with annual raw coal output of more than 10 million tons, with an output of 1.1 billion tons, accounting for only 45% of the total national output. Shenhua Group is the world's largest coal sales company of xialongyan product quality supervision and Inspection Institute. Its output in 2007 was 230million tons, less than 10% of the national output. Among the world's major coal producing countries, the market share of the top three or four coal enterprises has reached more than 40%. Obviously, the concentration of China's coal industry is low, and the situation of a large number of small coal mines still exists, resulting in China's coal enterprises in a disadvantageous position in the international competition

this inferior position is not only reflected in the lack of coal reserve resources and poor resource integration capacity of large state-owned enterprises, but also in the lack of coal transportation capacity. In this regard, representative xuejilian deeply realized that most of China's coal resources are concentrated in the west, while the most tense energy demand is in the eastern coastal areas. At present, there are only Datong Qinhuangdao railway and Shuohuang Railway in China's coal transportation corridor from west to East, which can not meet the energy demand of national economic development. In this power coal rush battle, Shenhua Group is like an "order" production. According to the quantity and variety requirements of power coal required by the power plant, coal production, railway loading and port loading are all carried out according to this order. The efficiency is very remarkable. Shuohuang railway has set a new record of daily traffic volume exceeding 400000 tons in the past seven years

with regard to the "Shenhua mode" of integrating coal mines, railways, ports and power plants, and integrating production, transportation and sales, representative xuejilian had a deeper understanding of the role of Railways and ports in various links of energy security: "when the snow disaster occurs, the lack of coal transport capacity has become a bottleneck constraint."

at present, xuejilian 10. Clamping width of flat sample: 70mm. The most worrying thing is that the Shuohuang Railway with the same construction standard as the Daqin Railway can not give full play to the coal transportation capacity due to the restrictions on the construction of collection, distribution and transportation network. He solemnly suggested that the state further promote the integrated business model of coal mines, railways, ports and power plants to meet the energy demand of national economic development; Make full use of the existing railway capacity to speed up the construction of the existing channel coal centralized transportation line, so as to make it a reasonable supporting transportation system for collection, transportation and drainage. From the height of the national transportation safety strategy, scientifically arrange the coal transportation channel, optimize the administrative approval procedures for the special coal transportation channel, support the diversified investment construction of the railway and the construction of the supporting coal centralized transportation line for the large coal transportation channel project, and improve the guarantee capacity of coal transportation and supply

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